Learn about the Hiring Process

Each employer has his or her hiring process. But here are four common steps. It is important for every job seeker to do well at each step.

1. The employer looks for the right people for their job opening.
  • Many start by looking at their own employees. They may ask for referrals from employees and others they know. This is called networking.
  • Businesses might advertise the job. They may advertise on websites or online job boards.
  • Businesses may work with a recruiter or agency. They may go to job fairs to find candidates.
  • Businesses also ask applicants to send resumes and cover letters to the company. They may ask them to fill out an application.
2. The employer screens the applications.
Often times, employers receive many applications for one job. The business removes the ones who aren't a good match. People may not have the right skills or experience. Or they don't describe their skills well.
Then, the business picks the applicants that match the job. They may call candidates on the phone to ask them questions. Or they have people come in for an interview.
3. The employer sets up interviews with people who seem to fit their needs.
At the interview, the business asks each applicant about his or her skills and background. Businesses are also looking for people who will fit with their company. They look for things like a "can do" attitude. They look for people who can get along with others. They also want people who like to learn and work hard.
The job seeker is also interviewing the business. The job seeker wants to make sure that this job and the company are a good fit.
4. The employer makes an offer to a selected applicant.
The business chooses the person they want to hire. Then it is time to discuss the job and its benefits. They discuss the salary, benefits, schedule and other things. This is called negotiation. This agreement has to benefit both parties. A job seeker can walk away from an offer if it isn't good for him or her.

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